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1941 MOTORISED DIVISION

for the Greek Army in Spearhead

by Dimitris Christodoulou & John Moher


 19th Motorised Division    Morale: 50% Regular 50% Green      GK
19th Motorised Division Headquarters 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand/Car

191st Motorised Regiment, with: 
191st Regiment HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car

I/191st Dismounted Battalion 
I/191st Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st, 2nd, & 3rd Rifle Companies, each with: 
3 x Rifle Stands/Cars
Machine Gun Company, with: 
3 x HMG Stands/Trucks

II/191st Tank Battalion 
II/191st Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st Motorcycle Company, with: 
2 x Motorcycle (Rifle) Stands
2nd Light Tank Company, with: 
2 x L3 Light Tanks
3rd & 4th Carrier Companies, each with: 
1 x Carrier Platoon Stand
 

192nd Motorised Regiment, with: 
192nd Regiment HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car

I/192nd Dismounted Battalion 
I/192nd Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st, 2nd, & 3rd Rifle Companies, each with: 
3 x Rifle Stands/Cars
Machine Gun Company, with: 
3 x HMG Stands/Trucks

II/192nd Tank Battalion 
II/192nd Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st Motorcycle Company, with: 
2 x Motorcycle (Rifle) Stands
2nd Light Tank Company, with: 
2 x L3 Light Tanks
3rd & 4th Carrier Companies, each with: 
1 x Carrier Platoon Stand
 

193rd Motorised Regiment, with: 
193rd Regiment HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car

I/193rd Dismounted Battalion 
I/193rd Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st, 2nd, & 3rd Rifle Companies, each with: 
3 x Rifle Stands/Cars
Machine Gun Company, with: 
3 x HMG Stands/Trucks

II/193rd Tank Battalion 
II/193rd Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st Motorcycle Company, with: 
2 x Motorcycle (Rifle) Stands
2nd Light Tank Company, with: 
2 x L3 Light Tanks
3rd & 4th Carrier Companies, each with: 
1 x Carrier Platoon Stand
 
 
Divisional Assets :  

19th Motorised Reconnaissance Group, with: 
Group HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand in Staff Car
1st Carrier Company, with: 
1 x Carrier Platoon Stand
2nd Rifle Company, with: 
3 x Rifle Stands/Cars
Machine Gun Company, with: 
3 x HMG Stands/Trucks
 

19th Motorised Anti-Aircraft Group, with : 
Group HQ: 
HQ: 1 HQ Stand in Staff Car 
1st Anti-Aircraft Battery, with: 
1 x 37mm AA Gun/Truck
2nd Anti-Aircraft Battery, with: 
1 x 20mm AA Gun/Truck
 

19th Motorised Artillery Group, with: 
2 x 75mm Field Guns/Trucks
 

b/IV Divisional Artillery Group, with: 
2 x 75mm Mountain Howitzers/Limbers(Horses)
 

Motorised "English" Battery, with: 
1 x 75mm Italian Field Gun/Truck
 

Divisional Anti-Tank Company, with: 
2 x 47mm Italian Anti-Tank Guns/Trucks
 

Divisional Anti-Tank Rifle Company, with: 
1 x 20mm Solothurn Stand/Truck
 

19th Divisional Engineer Company, with: 
3 x Engineer Stands/Trucks
 
Attached Units :

Krússia Detachment 
(See Below)
 
Notes :  

Cars: Mostly Austin AP 4x2 900cc 4-Seaters, with some Mercedes-Benz G5/W 152 4x4.
Trucks: Mostly Mercedes-Benz LG 65/3 6x6, and some Fiat-Spa 38R 4x2 or T40 4x4.

Greek Order Changes are successful on a throw of 6, Artillery Response for Battalion Supports succeeds on 4+, for Divisional & Corps weapons on 5+ if they are deployed in prepared positions, otherwise a 6 is required. Greek Artillery can never be in General Support and must be attached to individual battalions.

Authors: Dimitris Christodoulou & John Moher

 
 Krússia Detachment       Morale: Regular                                              GK

Krússia Detachment HQ, with: 
81st Infantry Regiment HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
 

II/Athens Security Battalion 
II/Athens Battalion HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
1st, 2nd, & 3rd Security Companies, each with: 
3 x Rifle Stands
 

XIth Frontier Sector 
XIth Sector HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
2nd Políkastron Screening Company, with: 
3 x Rifle Stands
3rd Metamórfossis Screening Company, with: 
3 x Rifle Stands
4th Murié Screening Company, with: 
3 x Rifle Stands
 

2nd Cavalry Regiment: 
2nd Cavalry Regiment HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
Regimental Machine Gun Company, with: 
3 x HMG Stands*
Regimental Mortar Company, with: 
1 x 81mm Mortar Stand*
I/2nd Cavalry Group, with 
Group HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
1st & 2nd (Cavalry) Squadrons, each with: 
4 x Rifle Stands
II/2nd Cavalry Group, with 
Group HQ: 
HQ: 1 x HQ Stand
3rd & 4th (Cavalry) Squadrons, each with: 
4 x Rifle Stands
 
 

I/Salonica Security Battalion 
Two Security Companies only, each with: 
3 x Rifle Stands
 
Divisional Assets :  

B3 Field Artillery Group, with: 
2 x 75mm Field Guns/Limbers (Horses)
 

B Corps Heavy Artillery Section, with: 
½ x 85mm Field Gun/Limber (Horses)
 
Notes :  
* These troops are not actually listed as present, but all other Cavalry Regiments included these so it is assumed this Regiment also did so. However the Mortar Stand may only be a ½ Stand (i.e. 2 real weapons) so treat the same as B Corps Heavy Artillery Section below.
 
B3 Field Artillery Group This is the 3rd Group, B Corps Field Artillery Regiment.
 
B Corps Heavy Artillery Section: This is a section of only 2 actual Guns. Treat as a normal stand, but it's DEF is -1 (i.e. only 4 instead of 5) and all fire is at -1 (e.g. Indirect AI is 3 not 4). Any smoke attempts are also at -1 (i.e. require 4+ instead of 3+).

Greek Order Changes are successful on a throw of 6, Artillery Response for Battalion Supports succeeds on 4+, for Divisional & Corps weapons on 5+ if they are deployed in prepared positions, otherwise a 6 is required. Greek Artillery can never be in General Support and must be attached to individual battalions.

Authors: Dimitris Christodoulou & John Moher

 
 

Although Greek Divisions were officially designated with Roman Numerals (i.e. XIXth) this Division is consistently referred to as the 19th in Greek Documentation dating from this era. Only recently have Greek (and other) Historians begun using the XIXth designation. Hence we have kept the designation as the 19th.

The Division was formed 14-17 March 1941, using the Greek Motorised Cavalry Regiment (previously of VIIIth Infantry Division) as a cadre. Total strength of the Division was approximately 8,500 men. Although authorised a total of 132 actual Bren Carriers, it had only 77 on hand when it entered action, and the TO&E above reflects the real strength (Theoretical TO&E would have 2 Carrier Platoon Stands per Company in each of the 3 Tank Battalions). In addition the Division was short about another 95 vehicles of all types.

There were numerous problems reported with the Bren Carriers, which had been delivered in a mechanically poor condition. Some Greek Officers felt the British had deliberately delivered unserviceable vehicles, and this may be true considering Britain's own shortage of equipment, and the state of much of the equipment she shipped her own forces in the Middle East which was often sub-standard. In any event there are no reports of the Carriers seeing any action in the fighting against 2nd Panzer Division in the Doiran Gap, so it probably can be assumed they were not fit for action. On this assumption each Carrier Platoon Stand should be replaced by a normal Infantry Rifle Stand (possibly mounted in a truck).

Greece captured "at least" 45 Italian L3 Light Tanks. These were overhauled and returned to service, 27 being issued to the 19th Motorised Division (although one source states only 18 were issued).

The "English" Artillery Battery is a unit equipped with material donated by Britain from the booty captured in Libya. In addition large stocks of captured ammunition were also shipped over.

General Freyberg visited the Division as it began forming in March, and later Brigadier Charrington (1st British Armoured Brigade) also visited it. Both had unfavourable impressions, the latter commenting that "It consists of just over 2000 quite untrained recently enlisted garage hands. It has no prospect of fighting usefully as a mobile force, with its few Bren Carriers, Motorcycles, and small Cars, even if its commander knew how to employ them!". Undoubtedly these comments are somewhat unfair since the unit was only just in the process of forming, and therefore probably looked worse than it was. Furthermore its possibly questionable whether any British tank commander has the right to question people's ability to command mechanised forces! As mentioned previously the Division eventually attained a strength of 8,500 men by the time it entered action in April.

The Krússia Detachment was a group of forces along the frontier under the command of the Headquarters 81st Infantry Regiment. The 81st Infantry Regiment had none of its own battalions, these were attached out to the XVIIIth Infantry Division and the Reserve Group of the "Group of Divisions".

The Athens and Salonica Security Battalions were formed from some of the 20 assorted Security Companies stationed around Greece. These companies were responsible for protecting rear areas from Airborne Assaults and such like, but several found themselves actually in the front line.

The XIth Frontier Sector was a battalion sized unit responsible for border guard duties and such like (unlike other countries, Greece's border guards were just standard army troops rather than a separate organisation such as the Italian GaF). The XIth's 1st Kilkís Screening Company was present, but subordinated to the adjacent Xth Frontier Sector. The names of the Companies are the border villages where they are quartered or have their barracks.

Finally the 2nd Cavalry Regiment was actually the old "D Corps Reconnaissance Group" which had been renamed on the 29 January 1941. It was considerably weaker than the other Cavalry Regiments as a result, and by April no longer had any horses remaining, its Cavalrymen fighting dismounted. One source states it was actually integral to 19th Motorised Division, and not just "attached" to it as part of the Krússia Detachment, although it was definitely under the command of the latter in the final battles.


Sources and/or Recommended Reading:

  1. The Battle for Greece 1940-41 - General Alexander Papagos.
  2. The Greek Army and its Preparation for War, 1923-1940 - General Alexander Papagos (Greek Text).
  3. Data and/or Extracts from various Greek Official Histories C/- Dimitris Christodoulou (Athens, Greece).
  4. The Armed Forces of World War II - Andrew Mollo.
  5. To Greece (New Zealand Official History) - W. G. McClymont.
  6. Greece, Crete & Syria (Australian Official History) - Gavin Long.
  7. The Royal Airforce in the World War, Vol 3 (The Mediterranean) 1940-45 - Captain Norman MacMillan.
  8. Cavalry of World War II - Janusz Piekalkiewicz.
  9. Greek OOB Lists - George F Nafziger (unfortunately these are not very accurate).
  10. Thanks to Bob Mackenzie (UK) for giving me a copy of his Wargaming TO&Es for the Greek Army.

The SPEARHEAD Website is edited and maintained by John Moher. SPEARHEAD is © 1995-2000 Arty Conliffe. The contents of these pages are © 1997-2000 John Moher, Arty Conliffe, Hans Johannsen, John Kovalic, and/or the appropriate Authors and Contributors.